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Posts Tagged ‘Grammatical person’

THESE ARE DICK’S BOOKS.

HE LIKES TO SIT ON THEM.

THIS IS HOW HE DOES IT.

This That These and Those are considered determiners.

Determiners are words that are used together with nouns to clarify the noun. There are a number of different types of determiners:

This That These and Those are demonstrative determiners because they demonstrate which object is being referred to. For example:     That car over there belongs to Steve.

In this case, ‘that’ identifies or demonstrates which car belongs to Steve.

This / That

Both ‘this’ and ‘that’ are singular and are used with ‘is’, the singular form of the verb ‘to be’.

This

This computer on my desk was bought in 2010.
That picture on the wall was painted by my sister.

This is always used with something that is near to the speaker. This is often used with ‘here’ to indicate the location near to the speaker.

(Man pointing to a book in his hand) This is my favorite book!
This is my son Bob right here next to my car!

That

That is always used with something that is away from the speaker. That is often used with ‘there’ to indicate the location away from the speaker.

(Man pointing to a person on the other side of the street) That is my son over there next to Peter.
That is my car parked under the awning at the end of the street.

These / Those

Both ‘these’ and ‘those’ are plural and are used with ‘are’, the plural form of the verb ‘to be’.

These

These is always used with a number of things that are near to the speaker. These is also used in combination with ‘there’ to indicate a location which is near to the speaker.

(Woman holding three pens in her hand) These are my favorite pens for writing poems.
These cookies are very tasty! (Boy holding two cookies)

Those

Those refers to things (plural) that are located at a distance from the speaker. Those often takes ‘there’ to indicate a location away from the speaker.

(Man pointing to some trees in a field) Those are pine trees over there.
Those dogs in that picture are very excited.

 

Singular Forms

Use “here” for something which is near to us. – Example: Here is the book in my hand.

Use “there” for something which is far from us. – Example: There is the chair next to the lamp.

Use “this” for one object (singular) which is here (near to us). – Example: This is a cup in my hand.

Use “that” for one object (singular) which is there. – Example: That is his truck over there.

Plural Forms

Use “these” for more than one object (plural) which are here (near to us). – Example: These are my children next to me.

Use “those” for more than one object (plural) which are there. – Example: Those are his boys over there.

Use “there” for one object (singular) which exists – or “is” (near to us). – Example: There is (There’s) a chair next to the window.

Use “there” for more than one object (plural) which exist – or “are”. – Example: There are many people at the party tonight.

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