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Adjectives Bulletin Board

Adjectives Bulletin Board (Photo credit: Evelyn Saenz)

Good Double Comparatives

Double comparatives are phrases commonly used in English to express increasing or decreasing returns.

Double comparatives are often employed to underline the importance of doing or not doing a certain activity.

Here are some examples:

The more you practice, the better your performance.
The more time you spend talking to an audience, the better you get at public speaking.
The less money I spend, the less I have to worry about debt.
The less you water the garden, the less chance the plants will grow.

As you can see from these examples, the format of double comparatives is as follows:

The (more / less) + (noun / noun phrase) subject + verb +, + the (more / less) + (noun) subject + verb

Notice that with ‘more’ and ‘less’ you are comparing actions.

 

You can compare adjectives in the same way:

The darker the berry is, the juiciest it is to eat.
The faster the trains are, the more dangerous they are to ride.
The funnier the comic is, the more fun he is to watch.

The + comparative adjective + to be, + the + comparative adjective + subject + verb + (infinitive of purpose)

 

These forms can be mixed up as well.

It is equally possible to reverse comparative adjectives and end with more / less plus a subject and verb or noun, subject and verb.

The prettier the girl is, the more attention she enjoys.
The happier the mom is, the more the dad can relax.
The more thrilling the new movie is, the less the director worries about making a box office hit.

 

 

In spoken English, we also use double comparatives called clichés.

The more the merrier
which means…
The more people there are, the merrier everyone will be.

 

We can turn the double comparatives into commands:

 

Study more, learn more.
Eat less, move more

Play less, study more.
Work more, earn more.
Think harder, get smarter.

 

Bad Double Comparatives

Here are some examples of the incorrect use of two comparative forms together.

This ice cream is more tastier than that sorbet.
He is more funnier than Jack is.
Susan is more taller than Jane.

In this case, ‘more’ is not required as the comparative adjective form. The sentence is modified by the addition of ‘-ier’.

Double Comparatives to Show Change

And finally, double comparatives are also used to show a continual increase or decrease.

There are more and more women attending college these days.
It seems like there are fewer and fewer items being made in America.
Ultimately, people will find more and more time to spend with their families.

I hope you have enjoyed learning about double comparatives. Let me know of any examples you can think of.

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As always, we’re here to offer resources to help in your English language acquisition.

Each of the links below are MS Word documents of  previously taught grammar points. Just click and you’re off…..

You can print out the worksheets or fill it out in MS Word.

identifying-adjectives

fun-with-irregular-verbs

identifying-nouns

identifying-verbs

 I hope you have fun using these worksheets. Dick and Jane would want you to have fun learning.

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EGG-Adverb not adjusting verb

EGG-Adverb not adjusting verb (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

HOW MANY OF YOU KNOW THE PARTS OF SPEECH?

SURE YOU USE IT EVERYDAY, BUT DO YOU REALLY KNOW THEM?

Jane says that she knows her nouns come in all shapes and sizes, and their adjectives prove it to be true. Interjection!

PARTS OF SPEECH function or “job” example words example sentences
Verb action or state (to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must Google.com is a web site. I like Google.com.
Noun thing or person or place pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, John This is my cat he lives in my house. We live in Kansas.
Adjective describes a noun a/an, the, 69, some, good, big, red, well, interesting My house is big. I like to train big horses.
Adverb describes a verb, adjective or adverb quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really My son eats quickly. When he is very hungry, he eats really quickly.
Pronoun replaces a noun I, you, he, she, some Sara is IndianShe is beautiful.
Preposition links a noun to another word to, at, after, on, but We went  to school on  Sunday.
Conjunction joins clauses or sentences or words and, but, when I like dogs and I like cats. I like girls and boys. I like sugar but I don’t like salt.
Interjection short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence oh!, ouch!, hi!, well Ouch! That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don’t know.

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Use of Some and Any

What to do? What to do?

The use of SOME and ANY is confusing for new English learners.

Here are a few tips to get you on the right track.

SOME We use “some” in positive sentences. We use some for both countable and uncountable nouns. Example: I have some friends.
ANY We use “any” in negative sentences or questions. We use any for both countable and uncountable nouns. Example: Do you have any cheese? – He doesn’t have any friends in Chicago.
EXCEPTION! We use “some” in questions when offering or requesting something that is there. Example: Would you like some bread? (offer) – Could I have some water? (request)
ANY We use “any” in negative sentences or questions. We use any for both countable and uncountable nouns. Example: Do you have any cheese? – He doesn’t have any friends in Chicago.
SOMEBODY, SOMEWHERE, SOMETHING We use “some” words – somebody, someone, somewhere and something – in positive sentences. Example: He lives somewhere near here.
ANYBODY, ANYWHERE, ANYTHING We use “any” words – anybody, anyone, anywhere and anything – in negative sentences or questions. Example: Do you know anything about that boy? – She doesn’t have anywhere to go.

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THESE ARE DICK’S BOOKS.

HE LIKES TO SIT ON THEM.

THIS IS HOW HE DOES IT.

This That These and Those are considered determiners.

Determiners are words that are used together with nouns to clarify the noun. There are a number of different types of determiners:

This That These and Those are demonstrative determiners because they demonstrate which object is being referred to. For example:     That car over there belongs to Steve.

In this case, ‘that’ identifies or demonstrates which car belongs to Steve.

This / That

Both ‘this’ and ‘that’ are singular and are used with ‘is’, the singular form of the verb ‘to be’.

This

This computer on my desk was bought in 2010.
That picture on the wall was painted by my sister.

This is always used with something that is near to the speaker. This is often used with ‘here’ to indicate the location near to the speaker.

(Man pointing to a book in his hand) This is my favorite book!
This is my son Bob right here next to my car!

That

That is always used with something that is away from the speaker. That is often used with ‘there’ to indicate the location away from the speaker.

(Man pointing to a person on the other side of the street) That is my son over there next to Peter.
That is my car parked under the awning at the end of the street.

These / Those

Both ‘these’ and ‘those’ are plural and are used with ‘are’, the plural form of the verb ‘to be’.

These

These is always used with a number of things that are near to the speaker. These is also used in combination with ‘there’ to indicate a location which is near to the speaker.

(Woman holding three pens in her hand) These are my favorite pens for writing poems.
These cookies are very tasty! (Boy holding two cookies)

Those

Those refers to things (plural) that are located at a distance from the speaker. Those often takes ‘there’ to indicate a location away from the speaker.

(Man pointing to some trees in a field) Those are pine trees over there.
Those dogs in that picture are very excited.

 

Singular Forms

Use “here” for something which is near to us. – Example: Here is the book in my hand.

Use “there” for something which is far from us. – Example: There is the chair next to the lamp.

Use “this” for one object (singular) which is here (near to us). – Example: This is a cup in my hand.

Use “that” for one object (singular) which is there. – Example: That is his truck over there.

Plural Forms

Use “these” for more than one object (plural) which are here (near to us). – Example: These are my children next to me.

Use “those” for more than one object (plural) which are there. – Example: Those are his boys over there.

Use “there” for one object (singular) which exists – or “is” (near to us). – Example: There is (There’s) a chair next to the window.

Use “there” for more than one object (plural) which exist – or “are”. – Example: There are many people at the party tonight.

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